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Alyansa Laban sa Mina

Home | Affected Sectors | Affected Municipalities | Organizational Profile | Basis for Rejection | Mindoro Nickel Project

Matrix of Affected Sectors

Mangyan Indigenous Peoples
The 9,720-hectare mining area is within the ancestral domain claim of the Tadyawan and Alangan Mangyan communities through their respective organizations Kapyan Agpaysarigan Mangyan Tadyawan, Inc. KAMTI) and Samahan ng mga Nagkakaisang Mangyan Alangan, Inc. (SANAMA). There are also members of Bangon tribe within the mining concession.
There are more than 20 communities of Mangyans inside and within the periphery of the mining concession, numbering to around 500 families. The granting of mining permit to AMC will result to the displacement of these communities as already admitted by Arne Isberg (AMC Country Director) and Anders Hvide (former Managing Director, based in Norway) in media interviews.

In the workshop attended by Mangyan representatives, they identified the following negative issues that the mining project will cause: Mapalayas ang mga mangyan sa lupaing ninuno, masisira ang kagandahan ng kultura, mawawala ang halamang gamot, sariwang tubig, hangin, pangasuhan, kabuhayan, ang sagradong lugar ay mapapalitan ng lason, magkakahati-hati at magkakagulo ang mga Mangyan, magkakaroon ng sakit, magkakaroon ng lason ang tubig (kagaya ng isang batang Mangyan na namatay na sa kemikal na lason), malalabag ang karapatang pantao, mawawala ang likas yaman na inaasahan ng mga Mangyan upang mabuhay, masisira ang lupaing ninuno, makikitil ang buhay ng mga Mangyan.

Most stakeholder communities, being agricultural in nature, list the farmer sector as the one likely to suffer the most from the ill effects of mining. In Calapan City, there are 28 farming barangays with numerous farmers associations, such as CALFAMCO, SALAKMMA, Progress-Managpi Farmers Associations. Of the 62 barangays of Calapan city, 42 farming and non-farming barangays would be directly affected by mining. Farmers say that mining will cause further flooding, siltation of farm lands and rivers, and damage their crops and lands. It will also dislocate the city’s agricultural economy. In Victoria, major farm associations also include SALAKMMA and FA.

The Pinamalayan and Pola fishing industries are the ones to be primarily affected by the mining project. These two towns are the proposed sites for the submarine tailings disposal. Pinamalayan has 10 coastal barangays namely: Ranzo, Pili, Banilad, Guinhawa, Lumangbayan, Wawa, Zone I, Papandayan, Quinabigan and a small portion of Marfrancisco. Pola, on the other hand, has 9 coastal barangays: Misong, Tagumpay, Tinguihan, Bacawan, Buhay na Tubig, Calima, Batuhan, Poblacion Zone I, Zone II, Bayanan.

The diminishing number of regular fish catch has been evident in the past years. Several interventions have been made to neutralize the continuing trend such as the construction of coral reefs submerged in PIli-Guinhawa coastline and Quinabigan, mangrove planting in Wawa and proximities which targets 10 hectares, and most recently, the establishment of a fish sanctuary in Ranzo.

All these efforts will definitely be pointless if large-scale mining proceeds with STD. there will be significant decrease in fish catch and groups of marginal fishermen will be gravely affected.

The Pili-Ranzo coastal area is also an important tourism site. White sand beaches, magnificent rock formations, existing resorts and other related business establishment and perhaps, the entire tourism potentials of the area shall be jeopardized.

Traders and Millers:
Market vendors in Calapan had already experienced the effect of ecological destruction as what happened in the three consecutive floodings. Mining is perceived as a threat and possible effects include business losses due to spoilage of inventories. Rice millers are also to bear the ill effects of floods that are inevitable when the mining project continues.

Urban Poor
Fifteen barangays from Calapan City (identified as flood-prone areas) are to suffer the loss of livelihood and damage to properties because of the floods.

In Calapan City, a workers’ organization called Calapan Labor Service Development Cooperative (CALSEDECO) is identified as one of the affected sectors to be potentially affected by mining. Possible effects include reduced service opportunities for the member workers. Disruption of transport services, will mean temporary loss of jobs.

Transport groups
Transport organizations are also threatened by the possible effects of the mining project due to aggravation of flooding incidents in the province. This would, in turn increase maintenance cost due to poor road condition. There would also be reduced number of trips and longer travel time, and a possibility of the Strong Republic Nautical Highway route phase-out. Poor road condition would also mean increased budget for infrastructure and decreased budget for development projects.

The Regional Tourism Master Plan of Southern Tagalog has envisioned Oriental Mindoro as an island paradise focusing on the sustainable development of its eco-tourism sites as well as its various historical, cultural and archaeological features. Further, its goal is to develop tourism in a manner that preserves the values and ways of the local people including indigenous communities. Included in the tourism priorities for Oriental Mindoro are the following: Mount Halcon, Lake Naujan, and the establishment of a convention center in Pinamalayan. Pinamalayan offers a variety of tourist attractions and destinations. The municipality has an inland resort (Bgy. Rosario), white beaches (Pili, Ranzo and Banilad), panoramic mountains, waterfalls, clean rivers, green farms and forest.

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