Matrix of Affected Sectors
Mangyan Indigenous Peoples
The 9,720-hectare mining area is within the ancestral domain claim of the Tadyawan and Alangan Mangyan communities through
their respective organizations Kapyan Agpaysarigan Mangyan Tadyawan, Inc. KAMTI) and Samahan ng mga Nagkakaisang Mangyan
Alangan, Inc. (SANAMA). There are also members of Bangon tribe within the mining concession.
There are more than 20 communities of Mangyans inside and within the periphery of the mining concession, numbering to
around 500 families. The granting of mining permit to AMC will result to the displacement of these communities as already
admitted by Arne Isberg (AMC Country Director) and Anders Hvide (former Managing Director, based in Norway) in media interviews.
In the workshop attended by Mangyan representatives, they identified the following negative issues that the mining project
will cause: Mapalayas ang mga mangyan sa lupaing ninuno, masisira ang kagandahan ng kultura, mawawala ang halamang gamot,
sariwang tubig, hangin, pangasuhan, kabuhayan, ang sagradong lugar ay mapapalitan ng lason, magkakahati-hati at magkakagulo
ang mga Mangyan, magkakaroon ng sakit, magkakaroon ng lason ang tubig (kagaya ng isang batang Mangyan na namatay na sa kemikal
na lason), malalabag ang karapatang pantao, mawawala ang likas yaman na inaasahan ng mga Mangyan upang mabuhay, masisira ang
lupaing ninuno, makikitil ang buhay ng mga Mangyan.
Most stakeholder communities, being agricultural in nature, list the farmer sector as the one likely to suffer the most
from the ill effects of mining. In Calapan City, there are 28 farming barangays with numerous farmers associations, such as
CALFAMCO, SALAKMMA, Progress-Managpi Farmers Associations. Of the 62 barangays of Calapan city, 42 farming and non-farming
barangays would be directly affected by mining. Farmers say that mining will cause further flooding, siltation of farm lands
and rivers, and damage their crops and lands. It will also dislocate the city’s agricultural economy. In Victoria,
major farm associations also include SALAKMMA and FA.
The Pinamalayan and Pola fishing industries are the ones to be primarily affected by the mining project. These two towns
are the proposed sites for the submarine tailings disposal. Pinamalayan has 10 coastal barangays namely: Ranzo, Pili, Banilad,
Guinhawa, Lumangbayan, Wawa, Zone I, Papandayan, Quinabigan and a small portion of Marfrancisco. Pola, on the other hand,
has 9 coastal barangays: Misong, Tagumpay, Tinguihan, Bacawan, Buhay na Tubig, Calima, Batuhan, Poblacion Zone I, Zone II,
The diminishing number of regular fish catch has been evident in the past years. Several interventions have been made
to neutralize the continuing trend such as the construction of coral reefs submerged in PIli-Guinhawa coastline and Quinabigan,
mangrove planting in Wawa and proximities which targets 10 hectares, and most recently, the establishment of a fish sanctuary
All these efforts will definitely be pointless if large-scale mining proceeds with STD. there will be significant decrease
in fish catch and groups of marginal fishermen will be gravely affected.
The Pili-Ranzo coastal area is also an important tourism site. White sand beaches, magnificent rock formations, existing
resorts and other related business establishment and perhaps, the entire tourism potentials of the area shall be jeopardized.
Traders and Millers:
Market vendors in Calapan had already experienced the effect of ecological destruction as what happened in the three consecutive
floodings. Mining is perceived as a threat and possible effects include business losses due to spoilage of inventories. Rice
millers are also to bear the ill effects of floods that are inevitable when the mining project continues.
Fifteen barangays from Calapan City (identified as flood-prone areas) are to suffer the loss of livelihood and damage
to properties because of the floods.
In Calapan City, a workers’ organization called Calapan Labor Service Development Cooperative (CALSEDECO) is
identified as one of the affected sectors to be potentially affected by mining. Possible effects include reduced service opportunities
for the member workers. Disruption of transport services, will mean temporary loss of jobs.
Transport organizations are also threatened by the possible effects of the mining project due to aggravation of flooding
incidents in the province. This would, in turn increase maintenance cost due to poor road condition. There would also be reduced
number of trips and longer travel time, and a possibility of the Strong Republic Nautical Highway route phase-out. Poor road
condition would also mean increased budget for infrastructure and decreased budget for development projects.
The Regional Tourism Master Plan of Southern Tagalog has envisioned Oriental Mindoro as an island paradise focusing on
the sustainable development of its eco-tourism sites as well as its various historical, cultural and archaeological features.
Further, its goal is to develop tourism in a manner that preserves the values and ways of the local people including indigenous
communities. Included in the tourism priorities for Oriental Mindoro are the following: Mount Halcon, Lake Naujan, and the
establishment of a convention center in Pinamalayan. Pinamalayan offers a variety of tourist attractions and destinations.
The municipality has an inland resort (Bgy. Rosario), white beaches (Pili, Ranzo and Banilad), panoramic mountains, waterfalls,
clean rivers, green farms and forest.